Skip to main content
Version: v2.6.x LTS

Installing Plugins

Installing Plugins

Plugins can be added or removed from the Zowe App Server, as well as upgraded. There are two ways to do these actions: By REST API or by filesystem. The instructions below assume you have administrative permissions either to access the correct REST APIs or to have the necessary permissions to update server directories & files.

NOTE: Plugins must be pre-built, and follow the directory structure, and have all dependencies met to be successfully installed. Read the appServer or install-app log files within the Zowe instance's <logDirectory> directory, (ex ~/.zowe/log/install-app.log) if a plugin does not show in the Zowe desktop, but has been installed successfully.

By filesystem#

The App server uses directories of JSON files, described in the server configuration document. Defaults are located in the folder zlux-app-server/defaults/plugins, but the server reads the list of plugins instead from the instance directory, at <workspaceDirectory>/app-server/plugins (for example, ~/.zowe/workspace/app-server/plugins which includes JSON files describing where to find a plugin. Adding or removing JSONs from this folder will add or remove plugins upon server restart, or you can use REST APIs and cluster mode to add or remove plugins without restarting).


Plugins must be packaged as Components. You can install a plugin by running the component installer, zwe components install. For more information, try the help command zwe components install --help.


Plugins are hidden from the Desktop when a component is disabled. If a component is removed, the plugins from the component will be removed too.


Currently, only one version of a plugin can exist per server. So, to upgrade, you either upgrade the plugin within its pre-existing directory by rebuilding it (with more up to date code), or you alter the locator JSON of that app to point to the content of the upgraded version.

Modifying without server restart (Exercise to the reader)#

The server's reading of the locator JSONs and initializing of plugins only happens during bootstrapping at startup. However, in cluster mode the bootstrapping happens once per worker process. Therefore, it is possible to manage plugins without a server restart by killing & respawning all worker processes without killing the cluster master process. This is what the REST API does, internally. To do this without the REST API, it may be possible to script knowing the parent process ID, and running a kill command on all child processes of the App server cluster process.


The server REST APIs allow plugin management without restarting the server - you can add, remove, and upgrade plugins in real-time. However, removal or upgrade must be done carefully as it can disrupt users of those plugins.

This swagger file documents the REST API for plugin management

The API only works when RBAC is configured, and an RBAC-compatible security plugin is being used. An example of this is zss-auth, and use of RBAC is described in this documentation and in the wiki.

NOTE: If you do not see your plugin in the Zowe desktop check the appServer and install-app log files within the Zowe instance's <logDirectory> directory to troubleshoot the problem. If you are building your own desktop extension then you need to pre-build your plugin with the correct directory structure, and meet all dependencies.

Plugin management during development#

Below are some tasks developers can do to work with plugins. These should not be done in production, as plugins are managed automatically at the component level.


When running the app-server without zowe server infrastructure and tooling, it's still possible to install plugins directly. To add or install a plugin, run the script zlux-app-server/bin/ providing the location to a plugin folder. For example:

./ /home/john/zowe/sample-angular-app

This will generate a JSON file <workspaceDirectory>/app-server/plugins/org.zowe.zlux.sample.angular.json that contains the plugin's ID and its location on disk. These JSON files tell the Desktop where to find apps and are the glue between the Zowe instance's desktop and the plugin code itself held in its directory.

. For example, if we were to install the sample angular-app in the folder /home/john/zowe/sample-angular-app, then the JSON would be:

{  "identifier":"org.zowe.zlux.sample.angular",   "location": "/home/john/zowe/sample-angular-app"}


To remove a plugin, locate the server's instance plugin directory <workspaceDirectory>/app-server/plugins (for example, ~/.zowe/workspace/app-server/plugins) and remove the locator JSON that is associated with that plugin. Remove the plugin's content by deleting it from the file system if applicable.